During the primary years, young students learn to read. “Reading is the process of constructing meaning from a written text. Effective early reading instruction enables all children to become fluent readers who comprehend what they are reading, can apply and communicate their knowledge and skills in new contexts, and have a strong motivation to read.” (Early Reading Strategy: The Report of Expert Panel on Early Reading in Ontario, 2003).
The three mains goals of reading instruction, which are fluency, comprehension, and motivation to read, are all interconnected and imbeded in reading instruction strategies. There are many skills and strategies that early readers need to acquire. (See for example: Guide to Effective Instruction to Reading, pp 2.8-2.11) Primary teachers know that early success in reading is critical for children. The Guide to Effective Instruction to Reading (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2003) provides many excellent practical tips for educators to succeed in a good early literacy program for all their students.
There are four basic instructional strategies for reading literacy:
- Modelled reading (e.g. read-aloud)
- Shared reading
- Guided reading
- Independent reading